Susan B. Anthony’s Amendment

Day 310 of Colourisation Project – March 13

Challenge: to publish daily a colourised photo that has some significance around the day of publication.

She was the original feminist; an ardent women’s rights campaigner, whose lifelong work helped pave the way for the Nineteenth Amendment to the American Constitution, giving women the right to vote in 1920. Yet when she first began campaigning for women’s rights, she was harshly ridiculed and accused of trying to destroy the institution of marriage.

Over the years, her commitment to social equality caused public perception of her to change radically. By the time of her 80th birthday, she was being celebrated in the White House at the invitation of President William McKinley, but as a woman she was still refused the right to vote.

Susan B Anthony

Photographer: Frances B Johnston ~ Susan B Anthony c 1900 – Coloured by Loredana Crupi

Born into a Quaker family in 1820, American civil rights leader, Susan Brownell Anthony was an influential  social reformer and Labor activist, who stood for abolition of slavery, educational reform, temperance  and women’s rights. A pivotal figure of the women’s suffrage movement, she became president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.

Along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, another influential suffragist and lifelong friend and co-worker in social reform activities, she established the Women’s New York State Temperance Society in 1852, the American Equal Rights Association in 1866 and published a women’s rights newspaper called The Revolution, with the masthead “Men their rights, and nothing more; women, their rights, and nothing less.”

Anthony travelled extensively, campaigning on the behalf of women and never gave up on her fight for women’s suffrage. She appeared before every congress from 1869 to 1906 to ask for passage of a suffrage amendment. She went as far as illegally voting in the presidential election of 1872. She was arrested and tried unsuccessfully to fight the charges. She was fined $100 – a fine she never paid.

In 1905, frail and elderly, she met with President Theodore Roosevelt in Washington, D.C., to lobby for the amendment to give women the right to vote. Twelve months later at the age of 86, Susan B. Anthony would die of heart failure and pneumonia in her home in Rochester, New York, on this day, March 13, 1906.

According to her obituary in The New York Times, Anthony not long before her death had lamented, “To think I have had more than 60 years of hard struggle for a little liberty, and then to die without it seems so cruel.”

At the time of her death, women still did not have the right to vote. It would take another   14 years before the Nineteenth Amendment, giving all adult women the right to vote, was ratified in 1920.

As a final tribute to her lifelong work, the Nineteenth Amendment was named the Susan B. Anthony Amendment.

Anthony’s home in Rochester is now a National Historic Landmark called the National Susan B. Anthony Museum and House

The Cathedral of St. John the Divine in Manhattan, one of the world’s largest, has a sculpture honoring four spiritual heroes of the twentieth century: Martin Luther King, Albert Einstein, and Mohandas Gandhi …and Susan B. Anthony.

_______________________________________________________

“We shall someday be heeded, and when we shall have our amendment to the Constitution of the United States, everybody will think it was always so, just exactly as many young people think that all the privileges, all the freedom, all the enjoyments which woman now possesses always were hers. They have no idea of how every single inch of ground that she stands upon today has been gained by the hard work of some little handful of women of the past.”    ~    Susan B. Anthony 1894

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